Composition
The constitutional Court is composed of nine members, appointed for a nine-year term, without the right of being reelected. The constitutional judges are appointed by the President of the Republic [...]
Informations

Composition

perberja

The Constitutional Court is composed of nine members. Three members shall be appointed by the President of the Republic, three members shall be elected by the Assembly and three members shall be elected by the Supreme Court. The judges of the Constitutional Court remain in office for nine years without the right to be reappointed.
Judges of the Constitutional Court must have completed the higher education in law, must have a professional experience not less than 15 years as judges, prosecutors, advocates, professors or lecturers of law, senior civil servants in the public administration, with a prominent activity in the field of constitutional law, human rights or other areas of law.

The judge should not have assumed political functions in public administration or leadership positions in political parties during the past 10 years prior to the date of application.

Other criteria as well as the procedure for the appointment and election of judges of the Constitutional Court shall be regulated by law.
The composition of the Constitutional Court shall be renewed every three years by one-third of its composition, in accordance with the procedure provided by law (Article 125 of the Constitution).

The judge of the Constitutional Court shall enjoy immunity regarding the opinions expressed and decisions made in the course of assuming of his functions, except for the cases of intentionally rendering a decision, as a consequence of a personal interest or acting in bad faith.

A judge of the Constitutional Court shall have disciplinary liability under the law.

The disciplinary process against a judge is conducted by the Constitutional Court, which decides on his dismissal (Article 128 of the Constitution).
Being a Constitutional Court judge is not compatible with any political or state activity, or with any other professional activity carried out against remuneration, except for teaching, academic and scientific, according to the law (Article 130 of the Constitution).
The President of the Constitutional Court is elected by secret ballot, by a majority vote of all judges of the Constitutional Court, for a period of three-year, with the right to only one re-election.

 

vitoretusha

1. Dr. Vitore Tusha, President
Born on 26.11.1960 in Tirana. Graduated in 1983 at the Faculty of Law. From 1983 until 1990, performed the duty of bailif at Tirana District Court and after that, until 1992 exercised the profession of the lawyer. During 1992-1994 performed the duty of judge of Tirana District Court and during 1994-2001 the duty of judge of Cassation Court. During 1999-2001 performed the duty of Head of the Civil College of this Court. In 1997 received the Doctor’s Degree in the field of law. In 2004 is elected as vice-president of the National Chamber of Advocacy. From 1986 and following is a lecturer of Civil Law and Procedural Civil Law at the Faculty of Law and School of Magistrates. Co-author in the drafting process of the textbook Civil Law. Has participated in the process of composition of different bills. Since March 2008 she performes the duty of the member of the Constitutional Court. Since 2019, she performs the function as the Acting President of the Constitutional Court and as the Deputy Chief of Justice Appointments Council.

Elsa Toska

2. Dr. Elsa Toska, member
Born on 05.06.1976 in Kavaja. Graduated in 2000 from the Faculty of Law, University of Tirana. In 2005 she obtained "Master of Arts" (MA) degree in European Studies from the Rectorate of Tirana. In 2012 she obtained "Doctor of Sciences - constitutional and administrative law" (PhD) degree from the Faculty of Law, University of Tirana. From 2000 until 2006 she has been working as Assistant Commissioner/Legal Expert at the People’s Advocate and from 2006 until 2007 she has been a lawyer. During the period 2007-2019 she has served as legal adviser at the Constitutional Court. From 2005 and onwards she has been a lecturer of Administrative and Constitutional Law at several universities, as well as a Human Rights Trainer inside and ouside the country. Since 2010 she has been engaged as an external legal consultant in several projects of international organisations related to human rights and judiciary. She has been a member of three working groups of the Justice System Reform regarding the constitutional amendments, amendments to the Law on organization and the functioning of the Constitutional Court of Albania and draft law on the President of the Republic. She is the author of many publications, textbooks or monographs, to be dinguished here the monograph "Review of administrative activity in the case law of Constitutional Court of Albania", and the co-author of "Administrative Law - Control over Public Administration" 2013, an academic text approved by the Department of Public Law, Faculty of Law, University of Tirana. Since 2017 she has been engaged as expert of Continuing Training Program at the School of Magistrates. She is the author of numerous scientific papers and has played an active role in many national and international scientific conferences related to constitutional justice. In November 2019 she has been appointed member of the Constitutional Court.

Marsida Xhaferllari

3. Marsida Xhaferllari, member Born on 06.03.1975 in Tirana. Graduated from the Faculty of Law, University of Tirana, in 1997. From 1997 until 2000 she has completed the studies at the School of Magistrates, the first generation graduated from this school, and has been appointed as judge. From 1999 until 2007 she has served as judge at Fieri Judicial District Court. From 2007 until 2013 she has served at the legal-professional structures of the Ministry of Justice as the Minister’s Advisor, General Director of Codification Department and General Director of Justice Affairs. Because of these duties, she has been a member of several commissions and steering committees such as the Ethics Commission of National Judicial Conference, Steering Council of the School of Magistrates, Administrative Council of Social Insurance Institute and Commission of Consumer Protection. In January 2013 she has been appointed as the Chief Inspector of the Inspectorate of High Council of Justice. Since 2015 and onwards she has been engaged in teaching activities, including the Initial and Continuing Training Programs at the School of Magistrates, and has been a legal expert in projects related to the justice system. From 2015 until 2016 has been part of the High Level Experts Group of the Justice System Reform, giving her contribution to the drafting of judiciary and financing of judiciary laws. She is the author of several working manuals for drafting of legislation and inspection issues. In November 2019 she has been appointed member of the Constitutional Court.

Fiona Papajorgji

4. Dr. Fiona Papajorgji, member Born on 12.03.1976 in Vlora. Graduated in 2000 from the Faculty of Law, University of Bari, Italy. In 2012 she obtained the "Doctor of Juridical Sciences" degree from the Faculty of Law, University of Bari. From 2000 until 2008 she has been working as assistant attorney and later on as attorney at some law firms in Bari. From 2009 until 2011 she has served as lawyer at the Department of Studies, Researches and Publications at the Constitutional Court. From 2011 until 2019 she has served as legal adviser at the Constitutional Court. Since 2007 and onwards she has been engaged in teaching activities as a lecturer of Public Law in some universities. She has offered legal expertise in some projects at the Quality Assurance Agency in Higher Education, in the process of approximation of legislation etc. She is the author of several scientific articles in the field of constitutional law. In 2019 she has been engaged by the School of Magistrates as available professor for the Initial Training Program. In November 2019 she has been appointed member of the Constitutional Court.

altin binaj

5. Altin BINAJ, member Born on 05.09.1970 in Vlora. Graduated from the Faculty of Law, University of Tirana, in 1992. From 1992 until 1997 has served as investigator at the Prosecution Office near Vlora Judicial District. From 1997 until 2008 has performed the duty of Prosecutor at the Prosecution Office near Vlora Judicial District, and since 1998 the duty of deputy Director. From 2008 until 2010 has served as the Head of the Prosecution Office near Fieri Judicial District, and from 2010 until 2013 as the Head of the Prosecution Office near Durrësi Judicial District.
From 2012 until 2014 has been member of the Prosecution Council, elected by the General Meeting of the Prosecutors of the Republic of Albania as representative of the prosecution offices near the first instance courts.
In 2013 was appointed as Prosecutor at the General Prosecutor's Office, where during the period 2014 - 2015 has served as the Head of Department against Economic Crime, Corruption and Serious Crimes.
From 2016 until 2020 has exercised the duty of the Head of Prosecution Office near the Court of Appeal of Vlora.
Since 2002 and onwards has been engaged in several training programs inside and outside the country, including the Continuing Training Programs of the School of Magistrates, playing the role of expert in some training sessions.
From 2008 until 2011 has been lecturer of the Criminal Law at several non-public institutions of higher education.
In December 2020 has been appointed member of the Constitutional Court.

perparim kalo

6. Përparim KALO, member Born on 12.12.1957 in Kuçova. In 1979 has completed the studies at the Military Academy and worked at the Military School of Reserve Personnel until 1989. In the same year, he was graduated from the Faculty of Law, University of Tirana.
From 1990 until 1993 he has worked as Inspector at the Ministry of Justice, after its re-introduction to the Albanian justice system. From 1993 until 1994 has worked at the Insurance Institute (INSIG) as Legal Advisor for the Green Card System - Albanian Insurance Bureau. In 1994 he has started working as lawyer and for 26 years has headed the Law Firm ‘KALO & ASSOCIATES’, known as provider of legal services in various fields of commercial law in Albania and Kosovo. In this context, he has personally provided legal services to the development agencies, international, public, private and financial institutions, embassies and multinational societies. He has provided special legal services in a number of privatization projects of strategic state-owned enterprises, as well as in private transactions very important to the Albanian economy. He has actively participated in the drafting of several laws in the field of commercial law, in the framework of legal and institutional reforms and of the Acquis Communautaire, funded by the World Bank, IFC, EBRD, KFW, COUNCIL OF EUROPE, EU, GIZ, etc.
Over the three decades of his career, he has been engaged, free of charge, as a board member or council member at the Insurance Institute (INSIG); Institute for Contemporary Studies (ISB); European University of Tirana (UET); University "Marin Barleti", National Gallery of Arts; "One Telecommunication" Company; CSR Albania; Center for International Legal Studies (CILS) headquartered in Salzburg; International Development Law Organization (IDLO) headquartered in Rome; Center for Dispute Settlement in Tirana; International Bar Association headquartered in London; Foreign Investors Association of Albania (FIAA) in Tirana; American Chamber of Commerce (AmCham); Italian Chamber of Commerce; Austrian Society Albania (ASA). He has been appointed member of the Securities Commission by the Assembly of Albania; member of the National Council for Management of Cultural Heritage by the Minister of Culture; "Trusted Advocate" by the Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs of Austria, as well as Honorary Consul of Denmark in Albania by the Queen of Denmark.
He is the author of many articles on legal issues published in several Albanian and foreign legal journals and expert in the training programs at the School of Magistrates. In December 2020 he has been appointed member of the Constitutional Court.

sonila bejtja

7. Sonila Bejtja, member

Born on 17.09.1974 in Tirana. During 1989 – 1997 she completed the studies at the Foreign Languages High School “Asim Vokshi”, and the Linguistic Lyceum “San Vincenzo” in Milan, Italy. In 2000, she graduated from the Faculty of Law, University of Milan, Italy. From 1999 – 2004 she practiced law at the Law Firm “Boga & Associates”. From 2004 until 2011 she worked as a lawyer and legal consultant in several projects of the World Bank, the Italian-Albanian Bank, the Savings Bank during its privatization, the National Bank of Puglia, the Italian Development Bank, as well as at the Ministry of Economy and Albanian Radio Television. Since 2011 and onwards she has practiced the profession of notary. She is a member of the National Chamber of Notaries and the Chamber of Notaries Tirana, as well as a former member of the National Chamber of Advocates. In December 2020 she has been appointed member of the Constitutional Court.

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