Composition
The constitutional Court is composed of nine members, appointed for a nine-year term, without the right of being reelected. The constitutional judges are appointed by the President of the Republic [...]
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Composition

The Constitutional Court is composed of nine members. Three members shall be appointed by the President of the Republic, three members shall be elected by the Assembly and three members shall be elected by the Supreme Court. The judges of the Constitutional Court remain in office for nine years without the right to be reappointed.
Judges of the Constitutional Court must have completed the higher education in law, must have a professional experience not less than 15 years as judges, prosecutors, advocates, professors or lecturers of law, senior civil servants in the public administration, with a prominent activity in the field of constitutional law, human rights or other areas of law.

The judge should not have assumed political functions in public administration or leadership positions in political parties during the past 10 years prior to the date of application.

Other criteria as well as the procedure for the appointment and election of judges of the Constitutional Court shall be regulated by law.
The composition of the Constitutional Court shall be renewed every three years by one-third of its composition, in accordance with the procedure provided by law (Article 125 of the Constitution).

The judge of the Constitutional Court shall enjoy immunity regarding the opinions expressed and decisions made in the course of assuming of his functions, except for the cases of intentionally rendering a decision, as a consequence of a personal interest or acting in bad faith.

A judge of the Constitutional Court shall have disciplinary liability under the law.

The disciplinary process against a judge is conducted by the Constitutional Court, which decides on his dismissal (Article 128 of the Constitution).
Being a Constitutional Court judge is not compatible with any political or state activity, or with any other professional activity carried out against remuneration, except for teaching, academic and scientific, according to the law (Article 130 of the Constitution).
 
The President of the Constitutional Court is elected by secret ballot, by a majority vote of all judges of the Constitutional Court, for a period of three-year, with the right to only one re-election.

 

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1. Dr. Vitore Tusha, Member

Born on 26.11.1960 in Tirana. Graduated in 1983 at the Faculty of Law. From 1983 until 1990, performed the duty of bailif at Tirana District Court and after that, until 1992 exercised the profession of the lawyer. During 1992-1994 performed the duty of judge of Tirana District Court and during 1994-2001 the duty of judge of Cassation Court. During 1999-2001 performed the duty of Head of the Civil College of this Court. In 1997 received the Doctor’s Degree in the field of law. In 2004 is elected as vice-president of the National Chamber of Advocacy. From 1986 and following is a lecturer of Civil Law and Procedural Civil Law at the Faculty of Law and School of Magistrates. Co-author in the drafting process of the textbook Civil Law. Has participated in the process of composition of different bills. Since March 2008 she performes the duty of the member of the Constitutional Court.

 

1. Besnik Muçi, Member

Born on 18/01/1973 in Pogradec. Graduated at the Faculty of Law, University of Tirana, in 1995. From 2002 until 2007 he performed the duty of prosecutor at the Prosecutor's Office of the Tirana Judicial District and after that, from 2008 until 2013 as prosecutor at the Prosecutor's Office of the First Instance Court for Serious Crimes. In 2013 he performed the duty of Head of Prosecution of Kavaja Judicial District and during 2013-2014 has been Deputy Head of Prosecution of the First Instance Court for Serious Crimes. From 2014 until 2019 he performed the duty of prosecutor at the Prosecution of the First Instance Court for Serious Crimes. During 2007 - 2014 he has been an external lecturer in Special Criminal Law and Criminal Procedure. From 2009 until now he is an expert of continuous training at the School of Magistrates. In 2011 he received a Master's degree in Criminal Sciences. Since 2014 he is a PhD candidate at the Faculty of Law, University of Tirana. He was appointed as member of the Constitutional Court by Decree of the President of the Republic no.1313, on 15.10.2019.

 

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