Composition
The constitutional Court is composed of nine members, appointed for a nine-year term, without the right of being reelected. The constitutional judges are appointed by the President of the Republic [...]
Informations

Composition

The Constitutional Court is composed of nine members. Three members shall be appointed by the President of the Republic, three members shall be elected by the Assembly and three members shall be elected by the Supreme Court. The judges of the Constitutional Court remain in office for nine years without the right to be reappointed.
Judges of the Constitutional Court must have completed the higher education in law, must have a professional experience not less than 15 years as judges, prosecutors, advocates, professors or lecturers of law, senior civil servants in the public administration, with a prominent activity in the field of constitutional law, human rights or other areas of law.

The judge should not have assumed political functions in public administration or leadership positions in political parties during the past 10 years prior to the date of application.

Other criteria as well as the procedure for the appointment and election of judges of the Constitutional Court shall be regulated by law.
The composition of the Constitutional Court shall be renewed every three years by one-third of its composition, in accordance with the procedure provided by law (Article 125 of the Constitution).

The judge of the Constitutional Court shall enjoy immunity regarding the opinions expressed and decisions made in the course of assuming of his functions, except for the cases of intentionally rendering a decision, as a consequence of a personal interest or acting in bad faith.

A judge of the Constitutional Court shall have disciplinary liability under the law.

The disciplinary process against a judge is conducted by the Constitutional Court, which decides on his dismissal (Article 128 of the Constitution).
Being a Constitutional Court judge is not compatible with any political or state activity, or with any other professional activity carried out against remuneration, except for teaching, academic and scientific, according to the law (Article 130 of the Constitution).
 
The President of the Constitutional Court is elected by secret ballot, by a majority vote of all judges of the Constitutional Court, for a period of three-year, with the right to only one re-election.

 

vitoretusha

1. Dr. Vitore Tusha, Acting President

Born on 26.11.1960 in Tirana. Graduated in 1983 at the Faculty of Law. From 1983 until 1990, performed the duty of bailif at Tirana District Court and after that, until 1992 exercised the profession of the lawyer. During 1992-1994 performed the duty of judge of Tirana District Court and during 1994-2001 the duty of judge of Cassation Court. During 1999-2001 performed the duty of Head of the Civil College of this Court. In 1997 received the Doctor’s Degree in the field of law. In 2004 is elected as vice-president of the National Chamber of Advocacy. From 1986 and following is a lecturer of Civil Law and Procedural Civil Law at the Faculty of Law and School of Magistrates. Co-author in the drafting process of the textbook Civil Law. Has participated in the process of composition of different bills. Since March 2008 she performes the duty of the member of the Constitutional Court. Since 2019, she performs the function as the Acting President of the Constitutional Court and as the Deputy Chief of Justice Appointments Council.

 

Elsa Toska

2. Dr. Elsa Toska, member

Born on 05.06.1976 in Kavaja. Graduated in 2000 from the Faculty of Law, University of Tirana. In 2005 she obtained “Master of Arts” (MA) degree in European Studies from the Rectorate of Tirana. In 2012 she obtained “Doctor of Sciences - constitutional and administrative law” (PhD) degree from the Faculty of Law, University of Tirana. From 2000 until 2006 she has been working as Assistant Commissioner/Legal Expert at the People’s Advocate and from 2006 until 2007 she has been a lawyer. During the period 2007-2019 she has served as legal adviser at the Constitutional Court. From 2005 and onwards she has been a lecturer of Administrative and Constitutional Law at several universities, as well as a Human Rights Trainer inside and ouside the country. Since 2010 she has been engaged as an external legal consultant in several projects of international organisations related to human rights and judiciary. She has been a member of three working groups of the Justice System Reform regarding the constitutional amendments, amendments to the Law on organization and the functioning of the Constitutional Court of Albania and draft law on the President of the Republic. She is the author of many publications, textbooks or monographs, to be dinguished here the monograph “Review of administrative activity in the case law of Constitutional Court of Albania", and the co-author of "Administrative Law – Control over Public Administration" 2013, an academic text approved by the Department of Public Law, Faculty of Law, University of Tirana. Since 2017 she has been engaged as expert of Continuing Training Program at the School of Magistrates. She is the author of numerous scientific papers and has played an active role in many national and international scientific conferences related to constitutional justice. In November 2019 she has been appointed member of the Constitutional Court.

 

Marsida Xhaferllari
3. Marsida Xhaferllari, member
 

Born on 06.03.1975 in Tirana. Graduated from the Faculty of Law, University of Tirana, in 1997. From 1997 until 2000 she has completed the studies at the School of Magistrates, the first generation graduated from this school, and has been appointed as judge. From 1999 until 2007 she has served as judge at Fieri Judicial District Court. From 2007 until 2013 she has served at the legal-professional structures of the Ministry of Justice as the Minister’s Advisor, General Director of Codification Department and General Director of Justice Affairs. Because of these duties, she has been a member of several commissions and steering committees such as the Ethics Commission of National Judicial Conference, Steering Council of the School of Magistrates, Administrative Council of Social Insurance Institute and Commission of Consumer Protection. In January 2013 she has been appointed as the Chief Inspector of the Inspectorate of High Council of Justice. Since 2015 and onwards she has been engaged in teaching activities, including the Initial and Continuing Training Programs at the School of Magistrates, and has been a legal expert in projects related to the justice system. From 2015 until 2016 has been part of the High Level Experts Group of the Justice System Reform, giving her contribution to the drafting of judiciary and financing of judiciary laws. She is the author of several working manuals for drafting of legislation and inspection issues. In November 2019 she has been appointed member of the Constitutional Court.

 

Fiona Papajorgji
4. Dr. Fiona Papajorgji, member
 

Born on 12.03.1976 in Vlora. Graduated in 2000 from the Faculty of Law, University of Bari, Italy. In 2012 she obtained the “Doctor of Juridical Sciences” degree from the Faculty of Law, University of Bari. From 2000 until 2008 she has been working as assistant attorney and later on as attorney at some law firms in Bari. From 2009 until 2011 she has served as lawyer at the Department of Studies, Researches and Publications at the Constitutional Court. From 2011 until 2019 she has served as legal adviser at the Constitutional Court. Since 2007 and onwards she has been engaged in teaching activities as a lecturer of Public Law in some universities. She has offered legal expertise in some projects at the Quality Assurance Agency in Higher Education, in the process of approximation of legislation etc. She is the author of several scientific articles in the field of constitutional law. In 2019 she has been engaged by the School of Magistrates as available professor for the Initial Training Program. In November 2019 she has been appointed member of the Constitutional Court.

 

 

 

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